Argentina

Last updated on: 27 May 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Argentina
Whether Specific law enacted: 
-
Number of people prosecuted: 
NA
Number of people convicted: 
NA
Applicable law: 

ARGENTINA PENAL CODE. Law 11.179 (Official Text 1984). Unofficial translation

PART II - TITLE I CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

Chapter II - Injuries - Articles 89 to 94

Key wording in the law: 

ARGENTINA PENAL CODE. Law 11.179 (Official Text 1984). Unofficial translation

PART II - TITLE I CRIMES AGAINST PERSONS

Chapter II - Injuries - Articles 89 to 94

ARTICLE 89. - A term of imprisonment of one month to one year shall be imposed on anyone who causes, in the body or health, a damage that is not under any provision in this code.

ARTICLE 90. - A term of imprisonment or detention of one to six years shall be imposed if the injury causes a weakening of health, of a sense, of a body, of a member or causes a difficulty to talk or if it has endangered the life of the victim, made him disabled for work for over a month or causes him a permanent disfigurement.

ARTICLE 91. - A term of imprisonment or detention of three to ten years shall be imposed if the injury causes a physical or mental illness, certainly or probably incurable, permanent incapacity to work, the loss, of a sense, of a body, of a member, of the use of an organ or of a member, of the capacity to speak or the ability to breed or conceive.

ARTICLE 92. - If any of the circumstances listed in Article 80 apply, the penalty shall be: in the case of Article 89, six months to two years in the case of Article 90 of three to ten years, and in the case of Article 91, from three to fifteen years.

ARTICLE 93. - If the circumstances set forth in paragraph 1 letter a) of Article 81 apply, the penalty shall be: in the case of Article 89, fifteen days to six months in the case of Article 90 of six months to three years; in the case of Article 91 for one to four years.

Article 94. - A term of imprisonment of one month to three years or a fine of one thousand to fifteen thousand pesos and specific disqualification for one to four years, shall be imposed to anyone who, recklessly or negligently, by inexperience in his art or profession, or by failure to observe the regulations or duties of his charge, causes to another a damage in the body or in his health. If the injuries were described in articles 90 or 91 and any of the circumstances foreseen in the second paragraph of Article 84, the minimum punishment under the first paragraph, is six months or a fine of three thousand pesos and a disqualification for eighteen months.

Amended by: Law 25,189 Art.2 ((BO 28/10/99) Article replaces)

Background: Law 23,479 Art.1 ((BO 26-01-87). Amounts modified.)

Original Spanish Version

Código Penal de la República Argentina / Ley 11.179 (Texto Oficial 1984)

LIBRO II - TITULO I - DELITOS CONTRA LAS PERSONAS

Capítulo II - Lesiones - Artículos 89 a 90

ARTICULO 89.  -  Se  impondrá  prisión  de  un mes a un año, al que causare  a otro, en el cuerpo o en la salud, un  daño  que  no  esté previsto en otra disposición de este código.

ARTICULO 90.  - Se impondrá reclusión o prisión de uno a seis años, si la lesión produjere  una  debilitación permanente de la salud, de un sentido, de un órgano, de un  miembro o una dificultad permanente de la palabra o si hubiere puesto  en  peligro la vida del ofendido, le  hubiere inutilizado para el trabajo por  más  de  un  mes  o  le hubiere causado una deformación permanente del rostro.

ARTICULO 91. - Se impondrá reclusión o prisión de tres a diez años, si la lesión  produjere  una  enfermedad mental o corporal, cierta o probablemente incurable, la inutilidad  permanente  para el trabajo, la pérdida de un sentido, de un órgano, de un miembro,  del  uso  de un  órgano o miembro, de la palabra o de la capacidad de engendrar o concebir.

ARTICULO 92. -  Si  concurriere  alguna  de  las  circunstancias enumeradas en  el artículo 80, la pena será: en el caso del artículo 89, de seis meses  a dos años; en el caso del artículo 90, de tres a diez años; y en el caso  del  artículo  91,  de  tres a quince años.

ARTICULO 93.  -  Si  concurriere  la  circunstancia enunciada en el inciso 1 letra a) del artículo 81, la pena  será:  en  el  caso  del artículo  89,  de  quince días a seis meses; en el caso del artículo 90, de seis meses a  tres años; y en el caso del artículo 91, de uno a cuatro años.

ARTICULO 94.- Se impondrá prisión de un mes a tres años o multa de  mil  a  quince  mil  pesos e  inhabilitación especial por uno a cuatro años, el que por imprudencia o negligencia, por impericia en su arte o profesión, o por inobservancia  de los reglamentos o deberes a su  cargo, causare  a otro un daño en el cuerpo o en la salud.  Si las lesiones fueran de las descritas en los artículos 90 o 91  y  concurriera  alguna  de  las  circunstancias  previstas en el segundo párrafo del artículo 84,el mínimo de la pena prevista en el primer párrafo, será de seis meses o multa de tres  mil pesos e inhabilitación especial por dieciocho meses.

Modificado por:  LEY 25189 Art.2 ( (B.O. 28/10/99) ARTICULO SUSTITUIDO )

Antecedentes:  Ley 23.479 Art.1 ((B.O. 26-01-87). Montos modificados. )

Ley 23.974 Art.1 ((B.O. 17-09-91). Montos modificados. )

Ley 24.286 Art.1 ((B.O. 29-12-93). Montos elevados. )

Discussion: 
  • The Penal Code of Argentina criminalizes the transmission of an illness certainly or probably incurable.
  • Recklessness is clearly sanctioned.
  • Article 89 is so broad it could include any other conduct, including exposure to HIV?

 

Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

Numbers of people living with HIV: 2008 Report on the global AIDS epidemic, UNAIDS/WHO, July 2008



Thankfulness: We are grateful to Edgar Carrasco ex-Director ACCSI-Human Rights Organization, Caracas-Venezuela) who provided the most of the laws that could be potentially used.

INTILLA - Asociación Civil

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

There are no restrictions for people with HIV/AIDS. There are no specific legal regulations concerning people with AIDS.

Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required when entering the country. Foreigners with a known HIV infection are not subject to specific residence regulations. There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned.

A vaccination certificate is required for visitors coming from countries where yellow fever is endemic.

For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 
Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: Recognized on national level

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org

Protective laws and policies for people living with HIV: 

Yes