Belize

Last updated on: 27 April 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Belize
Whether Specific law enacted: 
No
Number of people prosecuted: 
None known
Number of people convicted: 
None known
Applicable law: 

BelizeCriminal Code, Revised Edition 2000. Chapter 101

BelizePublic Health Act, Revised Edition 2003. Chapter 40

Key wording in the law: 

BelizeCriminal Code, Revised Edition 2000. Chapter 101

Section 79.  Intentional Harm

Section 81.  Grevious harm

Section 84. Administering noxious matter.

BelizePublic Health Act, Revised Edition 2003. Chapter 40: infectious disease

Key Cases: 

None known

Discussion: 

BelizeCriminal Code, Revised Edition 2000. Chapter 101

Intentional Harm Section 79. Every person who intentionally and unlawfully causes harm to a person shall be liable to imprisonment for one year.

Grevious harm Section 81. Every person who intentionally and unlawfully causes grievous harm to a person shall be liable to imprisonment for five years.

Administering noxious matter. Section 84. Every person who unlawfully and knowingly administers any noxious matter to a person shall be liable to imprisonment for two years.

BelizePublic Health Act, Revised Edition 2003. Chapter 40

Interpretation of “infectious disease”

Section 67. (1) In this Part, “infectious disease” means any of the following diseases, namely, acute poliomyelitis, alastrim, anthrax, bubonic plague, cerebrospinal meningitis, chicken pox, cholera, diphtheria, dysentery, encephalitis, lethargica, erysipelas, ophthalmia neonatorum, pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis, rabies, scarlet fever, small-pox, enteric fever, puerperal fever, yellow fever and any other disease which the Director of Health Services with the approval of the Minister may have notified or may notify in the Gazette as being an infectious disease within the meaning of this Act.

Removal of infected persons without proper lodging.

Section 86. (1) Where any person is suffering from a dangerous infectious disease and is lodged in a room or dwelling occupied by others besides those in attendance on him in which proper precautions cannot be taken for preventing the spread of the disease, any justice of the peace may, on the application of a medical officer of health, by order on a certificate signed by him or by a duly registered medical practitioner, direct the removal at public expense, from the room or dwelling in which such person suffering from such disease is lodged, of all others not in attendance on him, making suitable accommodation for such other persons:

Provided that no such order shall be necessary where the removal is carried out with the consent of such other persons or their parents or guardians.

(2) The order may be addressed to any police officer, and if any person wilfully disobeys or obstructs the execution of such order he is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars.

Penalty for exposing infected person or articles.

Section 93. Any person who-

  1. while suffering from any infectious disease, wilfully exposes himself without proper precautions against spreading the said disease in any street, public place, school, store, factory, shop, inn or public conveyance or enters any public conveyance without previously notifying the owner, conductor or driver thereof that he is so suffering;

is guilty of an offence and is liable to a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars. 

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

No restrictions on entry and residence for people living with HIV/AIDS (according to the Belize Immigration Act, chapter 156, revised edition 2000).

For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Not Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: Imprisonment of 10 years or more

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org 

Protective laws and policies for people living with HIV: 

None