Last updated on: 9 May 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Applicable law: 

Law on the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS 2002.

Key wording in the law: 

Intent to transmit HIV

Key Cases: 

A HIV-positive rapist was convicted in 2006. See attached press report


Article 18: Any practice or acts of those who are HIV positive, which have the intention to transmit HIV to other people, shall be strictly prohibited.

Article 50: Any person, who violates the Article 18 of this law, shall be punished to imprisonment for ten (10) to fifteen (15) years. 

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

In Cambodia, there are no specific entry or residence regulations for people with HIV/AIDS. Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required when entering the country. Foreigners with a known HIV infection are not subject to specific residence regulations. There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned.

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to injecting drug use: 


Protective laws and policies for people living with HIV: