Cuba

Last updated on: 8 December 2014

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Cuba
Whether Specific law enacted: 
No
Number of people prosecuted: 
0
Number of people convicted: 
0
Applicable law: 

Código Penal Ley N° 62 de 1999 (Penal Code - Law No. 62 of 1999)

Gaceta Official de las Republica de Cuba. http://www.gacetaoficial.cu/html/codigo_penal.html#A11

Key wording in the law: 

Propagación de Epidemias (Propogation on Epidemics)

Código Penal Ley N° 62 de 1999. Capitulo V : Delitos Contra la Salud Publica. Seccion Primera. Articulo 187.

Key Cases: 

None

Discussion: 

Código Penal Ley N° 62 de 1999

Capitulo V : Delitos Contra la Salud Publica

Seccion Primera : Propagación de Epidemias

ARTICULO 187.1.- El que infrinja las me-didas o disposiciones dictadas por las autori-dades sanitarias competentes para la pre-vención y control de las enfermedades tras-misibles y los programas o campañas para el control o erradicación de enfermedades o epidemias de carácter grave o peligrosas, incurre en sanción de privación de libertad de tres meses a un año o multa de cien a tres-cientas cuotas o ambas.

2. En igual sanción incurre el que se nie-gue a colaborar con las autoridades sanita-rias en los lugares del territorio nacional en que cualquier enfermedad trasmisible ad-quiera características epidémicas graves o en los territorios colindantes expuestos a la propagación.

3. El que maliciosamente propague o fa-cilite la propagación de una enfermedad, incurre en sanción de privación de libertad de tres a ocho años.

Gaceta Official de las Republica de Cuba.

Article 187 :Propogation of Epidemics

1.  Those who contravene the measures and dispositions dictated by competent health authorities for the prevention and control of communicable diseases, and fail to support the programs and/or campaigns designed for the control and eradication of serious or dangerous diseases or epidemics, will be subject to 3 months to 1 year in prison, or receive a fine of 100-300 pesos, or both.

2.  This sentence also applies to those who refuse to collaborate with health authorities in  the national territory where any communicable disease becomes a serious epidemic or in adjacent territories to which the epidemic can spread.

3.  Those who maliciously spread or facilitate the spread of a disease can be sentenced to 3 to 8 years in prison.

HIV/AIDS in Cuba: a model for care or an ethical dilemma - Sarah Z. Hoffman

This essay discusses the framework of HIV / AIDS policies in Cuba, looking at the  policies, and the ethical issues it raises  
The arguemenst that the author makes assert

"Cuba's national AIDS program is the most successful in the world based solely on statistics, and this country also has what many believe is the most interesting program in the world. Cuba took drastic action in public health even before AIDS had reached the country.
While Cuba's successful HIV/AIDS strategies are virtually unmatched anywhere else in the world, many ethical issues are raised by the country's policies. The most controversial part of the program is the mandatory quarantining of every HIV positive individual for eight weeks, even if this policy is legally founded. Patients who leave after these eight weeks and engage in unsafe sex will find themselves in permanent quarantine. This sanatoria policy along with mandatory HIV testing of pregnant women and those infected with other sexually transmitted diseases, and provision of names of all sexual partners of those infected with HIV, violate many individual rights".

Source:  Afr Health Sci. Dec 2004; 4(3): 208–209.PMCID: PMC2688320

The full essay is provided here.

 

Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

 No information available.

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

There are no restrictions for people with HIV/AIDS for short term stays of up to 3 months (tourist visa).

An HIV test is mandatory for longer stays. An HIV test result must be presented upon application for a long term visa. There are no controls at the border.

The extension of a residency permit requires a negative test result.

We have no information about the consequences for a person entering the country who is detected to be HIV-positive. Antiretroviral medication for personal use can be carried along.

Students receiving a scholarship must present a negative test result.

For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org