Last updated on: 21 May 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Applicable law: 

Cypriot law of 1957, intended to prevent the spread of typhoid, cholera and venereal disease.

Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

We have relied upon the information from 2004 in updating this page. We would be interested in hearing from anyone with more up to date information. Please see below about how to contact us. 

Further reading: 

Information on the 1997 case and the issues it raises can be found at

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

Foreigners (non-EU citizens only) applying for a residence permit in order to work or to study must undergo a medical examination by the Health Ministry in order to exclude an infection with HIV, hepatitis B/C or syphilis. The authorities will not grant a residence permit in the case of a positive test result. For all other foreigners (EU citizens, tourists, employees of international companies, UN staff) there are no mandatory medical examinations.

Refugees and asylum seekers are tested on the above conditions. If tests are positive, they are entitled to freed treatment & counselling. Antiretroviral drugs for personal use can be carried along.

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal only in some areas

Female to Female Relationships: Legal only in some areas

Age of consent: Different for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law

For updated information, please go to: