Ecuador

Last updated on: 6 February 2014

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Ecuador
Whether Specific law enacted: 
Yes
Number of people prosecuted: 
NA
Number of people convicted: 
NA
Applicable law: 

ECUADOR PENAL CODE. (Official Text Unified)
PART II – TITLE V – Chapter X - CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC HEALTH
Article 432

 

Ley Para La Prevencion Y Asistencia Integral De VIH/SIDA. No.2000-11.El Congreso Nacional. Article 11.

  

Key wording in the law: 

ECUADOR PENAL CODE. (Official Text Unified).
PART II - TITLE V - Chapter X - CRIMES AGAINST PUBLIC HEALTH
Art. 432. Will be punished with imprisonment of one to five years and a fine of fifty thousand sucres, anyone who, consciously, spreads a dangerous or contagious disease to humans.
Original Spanish Version
Código Penal de Ecuador / (Texto Oficial Unificado)
LIBRO II - TITULO V - DELITOS CONTRA LA SALUD PÚBLICA
Capítulo X - Artículo 432
Art. 432.- Será reprimido con prisión de uno a cinco años y multa de cincuenta a mil sucres, el que propague, a sabiendas, una enfermedad peligrosa o contagiosa para las personas.

 

Ley Para La Prevencion Y Asistencia Integral De VIH/SIDA. No.2000-11. El Congreso Nacional. Article 11.- La persona que conociéndose portadora del VIH/SIDA, porque ha sido notificada e informada, en una forma consciente y voluntaria transmite el VIH a otra persona, con conocimiento de causa, será responsable ante la ley por el daño causado.

Discussion: 

Notes on  Penal Code:

  • This is not a HIV specific law.
  • Penal Code of Ecuador penalizes the consciously spread of a dangerous or contagious illness.

 

Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

Number of people living with HIV: UNAIDS/WHO

Thankfulness: We are grateful to Edgar Carrasco (ex-Director ACCSI-Human Rights Organization, Caracas-Venezuela) who provided the most of the laws that could be potentially used.

Fundación Ecuatoriana Equidad

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

There are no specific entry or residence regulations for people living with HIV and AIDS. Foreigners with a known HIV infection are not subject to specific residence regulations.
Foreign nationals applying for long-term residence must normally present an HIV test result. Foreigners who already have a residence permit and who are diagnosed with AIDS will not be deported or expulsed.

For updated information, please go to: http://www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: Equal/almost equal substitute nationally recognized

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org