Last updated on: 3 September 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 

Egypt went through regime change in 2011. The new government will review laws. It is unknown whether this has an effect on this topic.

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

An HIV test has to be performed at the Health Ministry’s central laboratory by everybody who applies for a residence or work permit (students, foreign employees, immigrants). Tests performed abroad are not recognised.

Foreigners diagnosed with HIV while in the country are expelled. The regulations are based on a Ministerial Decree.

HIV medication can be imported for personal use.

All foreigners planning to study and/or work (including training) in Egypt for longer than one month will be required to undergo HIV testing in Egypt. Information on this procedure will be provided by the Egyptian immigration authorities (Mugamma, Tharir Square, Cairo, Egypt) upon application.

Proof of yellow fever immunisation is required if arriving from an infected area. Evidence of an AIDS test is required for everyone staying over thirty days, for the purpose of studying or working in Egypt.

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Not Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: Imprisonment of 10 years or more

Female to Female Relationships: Unclear

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to injecting drug use: 


Protective laws and policies for people living with HIV: