Iran, Islamic Republic Of

Last updated on: 5 May 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Iran, Islamic Republic Of
Whether Specific law enacted: 
-
Number of people prosecuted: 
-
Number of people convicted: 
-

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

Foreigners applying for a work and residence permit, or who wish to stay for more than 3 months, must present a health certificate with a negative HIV test result.

Exceptions: Holders of diplomatic, service or special passports. Tourists and businessmen staying for less than 3 months. We have no information about importing antiretroviral medication for personal use.

Practice might not be the same everywhere: From our experience in Baku/Azerbaijan, we know that all applicants for an Iranian visa are required to provide a blood test, performed by an Iranian organisation in Baku. Visas are denied if there is any problem.

People applying for a visitor visa (short term tourist stay) via the embassy in South Africa are required to take an HIV test.

Additional punitive measures apply to Iranian women marrying American men: The spouses have to present HIV and STD test results to register their marriage with the Iranian government as a prerequisite for permission to travel to Iran for any of them.

There is no such requirement for Iranian men married to American women or Iranian couples living in the U.S. 

For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Not Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: Death

Female to Female Relationships: Not Legal

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org

Laws relating to injecting drug use: 

Yes

Protective laws and policies for people living with HIV: 

Yes