Articles 135, 137 and 277 in the Penal Code of Lithuanian Republic
This is not an HIV-specific law.
Only actual transmission appears to be subject to prosecution.
Sentences range from a fine through to 12 years imprisonment.
Unofficial English Translation
Article 137. Severe health injury because of carelessness.
Article 277. Violation of the rules of fighting epidemics or communicable diseases.
From the responses received, it appears that no prosecutions for the transmission of HIV (or exposure to it) have ever taken place in Lithuania. Consequently, there are no known convictions either.
The Lithuanian AIDS Center has previously reported that it was aware of an attempt by some inmates in a correctional facility (prisoners) to have the prison’s health care service and state prosecuted for those infected with HIV while in prison. That attempt to prosecute did not succeed.
Transmission of other sexually transmitted infections is subject to prosecution under the same laws. HIV is listed alongside syphilis, HVG and gonorrhea under the Law of Prevention and Control of Human Communicable Diseases as being ‘dangerous’ and ‘especially dangerous’ communicable diseases.
Prosecutor General's Office, Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania, Vilnius, Lithuania.
Lithuanian AIDS Centre.
There are no specific regulations regarding the entry or short term stays of people with HIV/AIDS. Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required when entering Lithuania.
Foreigners with a known HIV infection or who develop AIDS are not subject to specific residence regulations. There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned.
It is possible to import antiretroviral medication for personal use. Five units can be imported without prescription. Six to nine units require a prescription; larger doses require a medical certificate, stating that the carried amount of drugs is needed to treat an existing condition of the carrier.
Residency permit applicants are obliged to declare conditions which may pose a threat to public health. HIV and AIDS are not a condition considered to be a threat to public health in Lithuania. HIV positive people are advised not to indicate that they have a public health threatening disease while filling in applications for residency in order to circumvent possible problems.
For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org
Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law
For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org