Article 289 of Montenegrin Penal Code.
Official English Translation (supplied by the Institute of Public Health of Montenegro):
English - Criminal Law, Article 289:
1. Anyone who knowingly brings another into danger of being infected by HIV virus, shall be liable to imprisonment for a maximum term not exceeding two years.
2. Anyone who knowingly fails to observe regulations and measures pertaining to preventing the spreading of HIV infection and thereby out of negligence brings about transmission of HIV virus infection to another, shall be liable to imprisonment of one year to five years.
3. Anyone who, knowing that s/he is infected by HIV virus, consciously transmits the infection to another, shall be liable to imprisonment of two to twelve years.
4. If as a result of an act referred to in Paragraph 3 of this Article, the infected person dies, the perpetrator shall be liable to imprisonment of five to fifteen years.
5. If an act as of Paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article is done out of negligence, the perpetrator shall be punished for an act referred to in Paragraph 3 by imprisonment for a maximum term not exceeding three years and for an act referred to in Paragraph 4 by imprisonment of six months to five years. The original Montenegrin version of the above law is available for download in Portable Document Format (PDF).
From the responses received it would appear that due to the small number of people who are officially registered as living with HIV/AIDS in Montenegro (71 in total) there are no known prosecutions/convictions for exposure to or transmission of HIV.
The higher estimate of 530 people living with HIV comes from the World Health Organisation and UNAIDS. This significant disparity reflects the fact that 87% of the infected population is not aware of their HIV positive status nor will they be aware of the fact that they, potentially, pose the greatest risk of transmitting the virus further into the wider population.
Montenegrin Association Against AIDS - CAZAS, Podgorica, Montenegro.
Institute of Public Health, Podgorica, Montenegro.
The Montenegrin Association Against AIDS (CAZAS) does have a website in both Montenegrin and English language versions available at: http://www.cazas.org/
There are no restrictions for people living with HIV/AIDS. There are no specific legal regulations concerning people living with AIDS.
Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required when entering the country. Foreigners with a known HIV infection are not subject to specific residence regulations. There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned.
Antiretroviral medication can be carried for personal use (quantities according to duration of stay). Medication should remain in original packaging. It is recommended to carry a prescription, if possible translated to Serbian language.
For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org
Male to Male relationships: Legal
Punishments for male to male relationships: No law
Female to Female Relationships: Legal
Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals
Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law
For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org