Last updated on: 7 July 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

Numbers of people living with HIV:  UNAIDS/WHO

Thankfulness: We are grateful to Edgar Carrasco (ex-Director ACCSI-Human Rights Organization, Caracas-Venezuela) who provided the most of the laws that could be potentially used.


Centro Nicaraguense de Derechos Humanos- CENIDH

FundaciĆ³n Nimehuatzin

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

There are no specific entry or residence regulations for people living with HIV and AIDS. Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required for short-term tourist or other stays. For stays of more than 3 months, the residence permit has to be extended by the immigration authorities. In this case, the presentation of a medical certificate is requested.

According to the immigration authorities, extended residency will only exceptionally be granted to HIV-positive people. For example, it will be granted to people who participate in the rehabilitation programme for drug users offered by organisations established in Nicaragua (such as Patriarca).

There are no specific residence regulations. There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned.

For updated information, please go to:

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

For updated information, please go to: