Last updated on: 30 August 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Applicable law: 

Public Health Act 1965

Key wording in the law: 

notifiable disease


Section 11 Interpretation "notifiable disease" means –

(a) Tuberculosis, whether pulmonary, glandular or osseous or in any other form, and in any stage of development or course of medical treatment which, in the opinion of the Director is infectious;

(b) Leprosy in all known forms of that disease;

(c) Venereal diseases including syphilis, gonorrhea and soft sore;

(d) Any other infectious disease which Cabinet may declare on publication by public notice to be a notifiable disease;

Section 15 Infecting any person with venereal disease

Every person who knowingly infects any other person with a venereal disease or knowingly does or permits or suffers any act likely to lead to the infection of any other person with any such disease, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to a fine not exceeding 1 penalty unit.

HIV has not been declared a notifiable disease under the Public Health Act 1965.

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

For updated information, please go to: 

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships:  No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent:  Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: No law

For updated information, please go to: