The maximum penalty for transmitting AIDS is 12 years in jail under Taiwan law. More information is required.
No medical checks are required to enter Taiwan. Antiretroviral medication for personal use can be carried along.
People with HIV can be expelled from Taiwan. If an HIV infection is diagnosed, foreigners lose their residency permit. Appeal against such a decision is only possible
No HIV test is required for stays shorter than 90 days. However, people known to be HIV+ are in general not allowed to enter Taiwan. They will however be allowed to enter the country if the purpose of their visit is to attend a conference or to teach courses on HIV. They won't be allowed to enter if the only purpose of their visit is tourism.
HIV testing has to be performed by people staying for more than 90 days, as well as by anyone applying for a residence or work permit. A foreign national applying for a residence permit that is discovered to be HIV-positive will be given 3 months to leave the country. The person's name will be put onto a blacklist, and he/she may be ineligible to re-enter Taiwan.
If the person's infection is due to a contact with a Taiwanese national, he/she can remain in the country. However it has to be proven that the infection was contracted from a Taiwanese national.
There is an established appeals process, which allows foreigners who have been expelled from the country to appeal for re-entry. However, the appeals process is complicated and shrouded in secrecy.
Taiwan does not ask short-term visitors about the visitors’ HIV status if the visitors apply for landing visas or enter in visa-exempt status (stay of less than 30 days) or apply for a visitor visa (stay of less than 2 months). Most U.S. citizens visiting Taiwan are visa exempt because they plan to stay less than 30 days, not work, and have longer than six months validity remaining on their passports.
People applying for resident visas – usually those who plan to work or join family – must have a health certificate. If the health certificate indicates that the visa applicant is HIV positive, the applicant will not receive a visa even though Taiwan visa law does not mention HIV. Similarly, Taiwan authorities are likely to require people who test positive for HIV to leave Taiwan at their own expense, even though Taiwan law does not require authorities to deport people who are HIV positive.