Last updated on: 3 May 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Applicable law: 

Tuvalu Public Health Ordinance 1926

Key wording in the law: 

infectious disease

Key Cases: 



Tuvalu Public Health Act includes venereal diseases as an infectious disease.

Section 2 Interpretation

“infectious disease” means cholera, plague, yellow fever, smallpox, diphtheria, typhoid fever, croup, puerperal fever, dysentery, measles, mumps, whooping cough, leprosy, typhus fever, meningitis in all its forms, tuberculosis in all forms, poliomyelitis, yaws in all its forms, gonorrhoea and other venereal diseases, and any other disease which the Minister may from time to time by notice declare temporarily or permanently to be an infectious disease for the purposes of this Ordinance.

Section 3 Regulations

(1) The Minister may make regulations for the purpose of protecting and advancing the public health of Tuvalu and in particular as regards the following:

(e) the prevention of the spread of infectious diseases including the segregation, isolation and removal of persons suffering from any such disease or of persons who have been in contact with any such persons;

Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Not legal

Punishments for male to male relationships:  Imprisonment of 10 years or more

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org