Last updated on: 7 July 2012

Criminalisation of HIV transmission/exposure

Whether Specific law enacted: 
Number of people prosecuted: 
Number of people convicted: 
Survey respondents/Organisations working on HIV and the Law: 

Numbers of people living with HIV: UNAIDS/WHO

Thankfulness: We are grateful to Edgar Carrasco (ex-Director ACCSI-Human Rights Organization, Caracas-Venezuela) who provided the most of the laws that could be potentially used.


Other laws and policies with an impact on responses to HIV

Laws and regulations relating to entry, stay or residence in the country: 

There are no restrictions for people living with HIV and AIDS. There are no specific legal regulations concerning people with AIDS. Although health checks are performed at the border, those do not specifically target HIV and AIDS.

Neither a medical certificate nor an HIV test result is required when entering the country. Foreigners with a known HIV infection are not subject to specific residence regulations.

There are no regulations regarding the control, deportation or expulsion of those concerned. .

Antiretroviral medication can be carried for personal use.

For updated information, please go to: http://www.hivrestrictions.org

Laws relating to same sex, sexual relations: 

Male to Male relationships: Legal

Punishments for male to male relationships: No law

Female to Female Relationships: Legal

Age of consent: Equal for heterosexuals and homosexuals

Marriage and Substitutes for Marriage: Inferior substitute but nationally recognized

For updated information, please go to: http://ilga.org