Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Specific laws

Specific law enacted No

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: Yes

Is transmission actionable: Yes


Number of prosecutions 0


Number of convictions 0


Applicable laws

Penal Code of Bhutan, 2004.

Applicable key wording

Reckless Endangerment


Penal Code (s 160) Reckless Endangerment-

A defendant shall be guilty of the offence of reckless endangerment if their reckless conduct places another person in danger of death or serious bodily injury. This carries the penalty of a minimum one month imprisonment and maximum possible sentence of less than one year.

Penal Code (s 161) The offence of reckless endangerment shall be a petty misdemeanour.

To our knowledge there have been no prosecutions or convictions or convictions for the transmission of HIV under this law so the application of the law to alleged HIV transmission is, at present, merely theoretical.




Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017