Dominican Republic

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Dominican Republic: Urge President Fernández to repeal HIV criminalisation laws

22 Jun 2012
A campaign to request the urgent modification of two HIV-specific criminal statutes in the Dominican Republic has gone viral. I first became aware of the campaign via Twitter (in Spanish) and now ITPC (the International Treatment Preparedness Coalition) has circulated … More

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Country overview

Specific law enacted

Yes

Specific law detail

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: No

Discussion

República Dominicana  Ley No. 4471 de 1956, Código de Salud Pública. 

Articulo 50. Toda persona que padezca de una enfermedad transmisible de declaración obligatoria, así como los portadores o contactos, podrán ser sometidos a observación, aislamiento  o cuarentena por el tiempo y en la forma que lo determine la autoridad sanitaria de acuerdo con las disposiciones del Reglamento respectivo.

 Dominican Republic Law 135-11: HIV/AIDS Law 7 June 2011.

 On the 7th of June 2011, the president of the Dominican Republic enacted Law 135-11, known as the “HIV/AIDS Law, the regulations thereof are still being finalised. This national law is the result of five years of multisectorial work, and although most of its articles are very progressive, at the same time it includes the criminalization of HIV transmission. The most questionable parts of the law are to be found in the following articles:

 This law, and in particular Articles 78 and 79, promote the criminalisation, persecution and seclusion of people living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. It violates their human rights and contradicts a number of international agreements.

 Source: Petition to the President of DR to amend the AIDS Law criminalization of HIV transmission article in recent bill.

Specific laws

Specific law enacted Yes

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: No

Laws

Applicable laws

Código Penal de la Republica Dominicana

República Dominicana  Ley No. 4471 de 1956, Código de Salud Pública.

Dominican Republic Law 135-11: HIV/AIDS Law 7, June 2011.

Applicable key wording

República Dominicana  Ley No. 4471 de 1956, Código de Salud Pública. Articulo 50. Toda persona que padezca de una enfermedad transmisible. 

Dominican Republic Law 135-11: HIV/AIDS Law 7 June 2011.

Article 78: Obligation to disclose one’s sexual partner. Any person who knows that they are HIV positive and does not tell their sexual partner can be sentenced to two to five years’ imprisonment.

Article 79: Intentional transmission of HIV. Any person who intentionally transmits HIV, via any means, can be sentenced to twenty years’ imprisonment.

 

 

 

~~o Article 78: Obligation to disclose one’s sexual partner. Any person who knows that they are HIV positive and does not tell their sexual partner can be sentenced to two to five years’ imprisonment.
o Article 79: Intentional transmission of HIV. Any person who intentionally transmits HIV, via any means, can be sentenced to twenty years’ imprisonment.
 

Discussion

República Dominicana  Ley No. 4471 de 1956, Código de Salud Pública.

Articulo 50. Toda persona que padezca de una enfermedad transmisible de declaración obligatoria, así como los portadores o contactos, podrán ser sometidos a observación, aislamiento  o cuarentena por el tiempo y en la forma que lo determine la autoridad sanitaria de acuerdo con las disposiciones del Reglamento respectivo.

 Dominican Republic Law 135-11: HIV/AIDS Law 7 June 2011.

 On the 7th of June 2011, the president of the Dominican Republic enacted Law 135-11, known as the “HIV/AIDS Law, the regulations thereof are still being finalised. This national law is the result of five years of multisectorial work, and although most of its articles are very progressive, at the same time it includes the criminalization of HIV transmission. The most questionable parts of the law are to be found in the following articles:

 This law, and in particular Articles 78 and 79, promote the criminalisation, persecution and seclusion of people living with HIV in the Dominican Republic. It violates their human rights and contradicts a number of international agreements.

 Source: Petition to the President of DR to amend the AIDS Law criminalization of HIV transmission article in recent bill.

 

Cases

Overview

None known

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Overview

Male-male relationships

Legal

Female-female relationships

Legal

Last reviewed 01 June 2017