Georgia

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EATG seeks to ensure that Europe-wide standards of up-to-date scientific evidence limit overly broad HIV criminalisation

28 Oct 2013
EATG’s new position paper on prosecutions for HIV non-disclosure, exposure and/or transmission published last week recommends that the criminal law should only be used in extremely rare and unusual cases where HIV is maliciously and intentionally transmitted and that Europe-wide … More

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Country overview

Georgia enacted HIV-specific laws in 1995, then in 2000 approved an amendment that allows for prosecution of both HIV exposure and transmission in the absence of disclosure. People aware they are HIV-positive also have a duty to disclose their HIV status to healthcare workers and when in “public service establishments”. There have been at least two prosecutions resulting in convictions.

Specific laws

Specific law enacted Yes

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: Yes

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: No

Prosecutions

Number of prosecutions 2

Convictions

Number of convictions 2

Laws

Applicable laws

The Criminal Code of Georgia, Special Part, Section Seven Chapter XXI. Exposing Life or Health of Human Being to Danger Article 131. AIDS Contraction

Applicable key wording

English Language Translation:

1. Running the risk of intentionally infecting the other person with AIDS shall be punishable by imprisonment for up to five years in length.
2. Infecting the other person with AIDS on purpose shall be punishable by imprisonment for the term not in excess of eight years.
3. Infecting the other person with AIDS through negligence in discharging one’s professional obligation: shall be punishable by imprisonment for the term not in excess of five years, by deprivation of the right to occupy a position or pursue a particular activity for up to three years in length.
4.The action referred to in Paragraphs 2 or 3 of this Article which is perpetrated:
a) against two or more persons;
b) against a pregnant woman or a minor at the previous knowledge of the criminal shall be punishable by imprisonment for up to ten years in length, by deprivation of the right to occupy a position or pursue a particular activity for up to three years in length.

In Russian:

Статья 131. Заражение ВИЧ-инфекцией

1. Умышленное поставление другого лица в опасность заражения ВИЧ-инфекцией, - наказывается лишением свободы на срок до пяти лет.

2. Умышленное заражение другого лица ВИЧ-инфекцией, - наказывается лишением свободы на срок до восьми лет.3. Заражение другого лица ВИЧ-инфекцией по неосторожности при исполнении профессиональных обязанностей, - наказывается лишением свободы на срок до пяти лет с лишением права занимать должности или заниматься деятельностью на срок до трех лет.

4. Деяния, предусмотренные частями 1, 2 или 3 настоящей статьи, совершенные:

а) в отношении двух или более лиц;

б) в отношении женщины, заведомо для виновного находящейся в состоянии беременности, или несовершеннолетнего,  наказываются лишением свободы на срок до десяти лет с лишением права занимать должности или заниматься деятельностью на срок до трех лет.

Discussion

From the responses received, the above laws were first introduced in 1995 and were subsequently updated in the year 2000.

Other sexually transmitted infections are prosecuted under separate legislation (Article 132 criminalises both the transmission of and exposure to highly dangerous infections).

Respondents informed us that 2 people have been prosecuted for transmission/exposure and both were convicted.  In both cases the individuals were men and in both cases transmission took place through heterosexual sex.  The length of their sentence is not known.

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017