Niue

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Specific laws

Specific law enacted No

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: Yes

Is transmission actionable: Yes

Prosecutions

Number of prosecutions 0

Convictions

Number of convictions 0

Laws

Applicable laws

Public Health Act 1965

Applicable key wording

notifiable disease

Discussion

Section 11 Interpretation "notifiable disease" means –

(a) Tuberculosis, whether pulmonary, glandular or osseous or in any other form, and in any stage of development or course of medical treatment which, in the opinion of the Director is infectious;

(b) Leprosy in all known forms of that disease;

(c) Venereal diseases including syphilis, gonorrhea and soft sore;

(d) Any other infectious disease which Cabinet may declare on publication by public notice to be a notifiable disease;

Section 15 Infecting any person with venereal disease

Every person who knowingly infects any other person with a venereal disease or knowingly does or permits or suffers any act likely to lead to the infection of any other person with any such disease, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 months or to a fine not exceeding 1 penalty unit.

HIV has not been declared a notifiable disease under the Public Health Act 1965.

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017