Panama

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Country overview

Specific law enacted

Yes

Specific law detail

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: Yes

Discussion

The text refers the propagation of a dangerous or contagious illness, and the violation of authority measures to prevent the spread of an illness. Literally, HIV is not a contagious illness.
The article 34 of Law 3, Jan. 5th, 2000, about STI, HIV and AIDS, obligate to people living with HIV to communicate their situation to contacts and people in risk of "contagious".

Specific laws

Specific law enacted Yes

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: Yes

Laws

Applicable laws

PANAMA PENAL CODE / Law 14, May 18, 2007
TITLE IX - Chapter IV - Articles 302 and 305

CRIMES AGAINST THE COLLECTIVE SECURITY
 

Applicable key wording

PANAMA PENAL CODE / Law 14, May 18, 2007 (Unofficial translation)
TITLE IX - Chapter IV
CRIMES AGAINST THE COLLECTIVE SECURITY
ARTICLE 302: Those who propagate a dangerous illness or contagious to humans or violates the sanitary measures taken by the competent authorities to prevent the introduction or spread of disease will be punished with a prison sentence of four to six years. If this is a contagious disease, the penalty shall be ten to fifteen years in prison.
ARTICLE 305: When any of the acts described in previous articles were committed by guilt, punishment applicable will be as follows:
1. In the case of Articles 298 and 302, imprisonment of one to two years.
2. In the case of Articles 299 and 301, imprisonment of six months to one year.
Original Spanish Version
Código Penal Panamá / Ley No. 14 de 18 de mayo de 2007.
TITULO VII
Capítulo IV

DELITOS CONTRA LA SEGURIDAD COLECTIVA
ARTÍCULO 302: Quien propague una enfermedad peligrosa o contagiosa para las personas o infrinja las medidas sanitarias adoptadas por las autoridades competentes para impedir la introducción o propagación de una enfermedad será sancionado con prisión de cuatro a seis años. Si se trata de una enfermedad contagiosa, la pena será de diez a quince años de prisión.
ARTICULO 305: Cuando alguno de los hechos previstos en los artículos anteriores fuera cometido por culpa, la sanción
aplicable será la siguiente:
1. En el caso de los artículos 298 y 302, prisión de uno a dos años.
2. En el caso de los artículos 299 y 301, prisión de seis meses a un año.

Discussion

The text refers the propagation of a dangerous or contagious illness, and the violation of authority measures to prevent the spread of an illness. Literally, HIV is not a contagious illness.
The article 34 of Law 3, Jan. 5th, 2000, about STI, HIV and AIDS, obligate to people living with HIV to communicate their situation to contacts and people in risk of "contagious".
 

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Overview

Entry laws

Author’s note: the information provided by the U.S. Department of State is likely to be outdated.
Some HIV/AIDS entry restrictions exist for visitors to and foreign residents of Panama. Panamanian immigration does not require an HIV/AIDS test, however Panamanian law does allow for the deportation of immigrants upon discovery of HIV positive status. The Panamanian Embassy is not aware of any American citizens who have been deported due to HIV/AIDS.
All quoted requirements were removed from legislation in January 2000 and in 2008 respectively. The authorities still require a “certificate of good health” from people intending to stay in Panama for more than three months. This certificate can be issued to a person living with HIV.

For updated information, please go to: www.hivrestrictions.org

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Overview

Male-male relationships

Legal

Female-female relationships

Legal

Last reviewed 01 June 2017