Tonga

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Country overview

notifiable diseases

Specific laws

Specific law enacted No

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: No

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: No

Prosecutions

Number of prosecutions 0

Convictions

Number of convictions 0

Laws

Applicable laws

Tonga Public Health Act 1992

Applicable key wording

notifiable diseases

Discussion

Section 138 Diseases to be notified.

(1) The diseases listed in Schedule 4 shall be notified in accordance with this Part.includes HIV and AIDS as notifiable diseases.

Section 143 Duty of authorised officer.

On receipt of the notification of a case or suspected case of notifiable disease, the Director of Health shall require an authorised officer to take all steps to prevent the spread of the disease in conjunction with the medical officer. These measures may include provisions to:

(f) order the patient or contacts or carriers to be detained in hospital or isolated in a suitable place until the medical officer with the approval of the Director of Health is satisfied that there is no risk of the patient or any contact or carrier spreading the disease;

HIV and AIDS has been listed under Schedule 4  of the Tonga Public Health Act 1992, Section 128 Diseases to be notified. Consequently Section 143 Duty of authorised officer provides for isolation.

Cases

Overview

None

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017