Uzbekistan

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Video: Seminar on HIV Criminalisation, Berlin, 20 September 2012 (EATG/DAH/IPPF/HIV in Europe)

23 Oct 2012
This international conference on the criminalisation of HIV non-disclosure, potential or perceived HIV exposure and non-intentional HIV transmission took place at the Rotes Rathaus in Berlin on 20th September 2012. HIV advocates, law and human rights experts and other concerned … More

Uzbekistan: Negligent liability now added to HIV-specific criminal law

11 Jun 2010
The Uzbek government has amended article 113 of Uzbekistan’s Criminal Code to allow for easier prosecution for medical negliglence resulting in HIV transmission, according to a report on eurasianet.org. Article 113, passed in 1999 and enacted in 2001, criminalises both … More

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Country overview

Article 113 of the Criminal Code of Uzbekistan, enacted in 2001, criminalises both knowing HIV exposure and transmission, both of which are punishable by imprisonment from eight to ten years. Knowing exposure to other STIs is punishable by a fine, correctional labour for up to one year, or up to three months' restriction of liberty. Knowing transmission of other STIs is punishable by three to six months of restriction of liberty or imprisonment for three to five years.

All couples who want to register civil marriage, should pass mandatory HIV testing as stipulated by the Family Code of Uzbekistan.

There are no reports of prosecutions.

Specific laws

Specific law enacted Yes

Specific law criminalising HIV non disclosure, exposure, or transmission: Yes

Prosecuted using non-HIV specific laws: No

Prosecuted using both specific and non specific laws: No

Is non-disclosure actionable: No

Is exposure actionable: No

Is transmission actionable: No

Laws

Applicable laws

Article 113 of the Criminal Code: Transmission of a venereal disease. (introduced July 2001)

  • This is an HIV-specific law.
  • This appears to allow for the prosecution of both exposure and transmission.
  • The maximum possible sentence is eight years imprisonment.

Applicable key wording

English Translation:

Article 113 of the Criminal Code:

Transmission of a venereal disease:

  1. Knowingly posing the threat of transmitting venereal disease to another person, shall be punished by a fine up to twenty-five minimum monthly wages (one MMW is currently as of January 2009 about 20 USD) or correctional labor for up to one year.
  2. Infecting another person with a venereal disease by a person, who knew that s/he had this disease, shall be punished by up to six months of arrest or imprisonment for up to three years.
  3. Actions envisaged by parts 1 and 2 of this article, committed in respect of: (a) two or more persons; or (b) a child, shall be punished by three to five years of imprisonment.
  4. Knowingly posing the threat of infecting, or infecting with AIDS another person, shall be punished by five to eight years of imprisonment.

In Russian: Статья 113. Распространение венерического заболевания или заболевания СПИД

Заведомое поставление другого лица в опасность заражения венерической болезнью, - наказывается штрафом до двадцати пяти минимальных размеров заработной платы или исправительными работами до одного года. 

Заражение другого лица венерической болезнью лицом, знавшим о наличии у него этой болезни, - наказывается арестом до шести месяцев или лишением свободы до трех лет. 

Действия, предусмотренные частями первой или второй настоящей статьи, совершенные в отношении:

а) двух или более лиц;

б) несовершеннолетнего, - наказываются лишением свободы от трех до пяти лет. 

Заведомое поставление в опасность заражения или заражение заболеванием СПИД,- наказывается лишением свободы от пяти до восьми лет.

Discussion

There is no public/easy access to case law within the country so numbers of people prosecuted - or indeed whether prosecutions which have taken place - is not obtainable.

Our correspondent notes, as is the case in many other countries :
In relation to the control of HIV/AIDS and the civil rights of people living with HIV the law is used disproportionately against specific groups, noting that:

  • Drug users are most prosecuted for crimes related to illegal operations with drugs (everything except for use, which, at the end of the day, may become the ground for a criminal case);
  • Sex workers seem to be the main target of the criminal code article on HIV and STD transmission. Commercial sex work is not a crime, but an "administrative" (petty) offence. Therefore, police usually takes CSW (commercial sex worker)  first to STD dispensary, and then decides on further action; a fine, criminal charges or a bribe;
  • MSM are most vulnerable in light of an archaic article 120 of the Criminal Code, which reads: "Besakalbazlik, i.e. sexual intercourse of a man with a man, without use of violence (i.e. voluntarily), - shall be punished by imprisonment for up to three years. According to officials, nobody has been prosecuted so far, but presence of this article may (and allegedly does) result in abuse by police.

Further reading

Latest cases and news can be found at: http://www.hivjustice.net/country/uz/

Cases

Overview

There is one case documented on the trial against a citizen of Uzbekistan, man, 36, who was deported from Russia based on his HIV-status in April 2016. He was searched in Uzbekistan by Uzbek authorities on charges of HIV transmission since 2012 as his wife committed suiside upon finding she was HIV-positive. The sentence is unknown.

Source: http://1news.uz/ru/proisshestviya/grazhdanina-uzbekistana-privlekut-k-ugolovnoy-otvetstvennosti-za-z...


Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017

Last reviewed 01 June 2017